The Definition of Arthroscopy
Arthroscopy, also called arthroscopic surgery, is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which an arthroscope both examines and sometimes treats damaged interior joints. An arthroscope is a type of endoscope that is inserted through a small incision into the joint. Arthroscopic procedures can be done to either evaluate or treat many orthopedic conditions. Unlike traditional open surgery, the joint does not have to be fully opened up with arthroscopy. Rather, only two small incisions are made, one for the arthroscope and one for the surgical instruments. This reduces recovery time and may even increase the rate of surgery’s success due to less trauma to the connective tissues.
Symptoms may include pain, swelling, decreased walking ability, and clicking of the ankle joint.
With the use of small arthroscopic instrumentation, the ankle joint can be entered via 2 or 3 very small incisions. Many internal joint problems can be treated with this minimally invasive method, as well as the diagnostic value of the procedure. In most cases, the patient can fully weight bear the same day as the procedure.